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Back Book Title A History of the Municipal Councils of Hong Kong 1883-1999 : From the Sanitary Board to th...

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A History of the Municipal Councils of Hong Kong 1883-1999 : From the Sanitary Board to the Urban Council and the Regional Council
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- Lau, Y.W.
- Hong Kong
- Leisure and Cultural Services Department, Hong Kong Museum of History, Hong Kong
- 9627039411
- 2002
- xxii,289 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. Includes Bibliography and Index
- 1030 gms.
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The history of the two municipal councils came to an end on 31 December 1999. It was 117 years ago when the predecessor of the two councils-the Sanitary Board-was first established to deal with the unpleasant environment and infectious diseases. The two provisional councils were dissolved in 1999 by the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in a similar circumstance-under the threat of the ‘avian flu’. The Sanitary Board was set up in 1883 to take charge of the environmental health services. As its functions and powers were expanded in 1935, it was renamed the Urban Council to reflect such changes. In 1973 the Urban Council was granted financial and administrative autonomy by the government, and the same autonomy was also granted to the Regional Council when municipal services were extended to the New territories in 1986. The two municipal councils were renamed the Provisional Urban Council and the Provisional Regional Council upon the return of Hong Kong to China’s Sovereignty in 1997. Two years later in 1999, the provisional municipal councils were dissolved by the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The two councils, from its inception in 1883 to its dissolution in 1999, spanned a period of 117 years. This book is about the eventful history of the two municipal councils.

   
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Why is a History of the Municipal Councils of Hong Kong Published? ... vii Forewords ... ix Acknowledgements ... xxi Introduction ... 1 Part I: The Age of the Sanitary Board, 1883-1935 ... 5 Chapter 1. The Sanitary Conditions of Hong Kong before the Establishment of the Sanitary Board ... 7 Chapter 2. The Organization and Development of the Sanitary Board ... 21 Chapter 3. The Cultural Conflicts in Sanitary Dispute between the Chinese and the Westerners ... 37 Chapter 4. The Sanitary Board and the Bubonic Plague of 1894 and its Aftermath ... 53 Part II : The Age of the Urban Council, 1936-1972 ... 69 Chapter 5. The Organization and Development of the Urban Council after 1935 ... 71 Chapter 6. Hong Kong's Constitutional Reform and the Pre-1973 Urban Council ... 85 Chapter 7. Hong Kong's Political Election and the Pre-1973 Urban Council ... 97 Chapter 8. The Urban Services of the Urban Council before 1973 ... 107 Part III: The Age of the Municipal Councils, 1973-1999 ... 125 Chapter 9. The Organization and Development of the Urban Council in 1973 and 1997 ... 127 Chapter 10. The Organization and Development of the Regional Council in 1986 and 1997 ... 143 Chapter 11. Urban Services and Hong Kong's Public Health ... 153 Chapter 12. Urban Services and the Quality of Life in Hong Kong ... 177 Chapter 13. Urban Services and the Cultural Life of Hong Kong ... 189 Chapter 14. Urban Council and the Formation of Hong Kong Identity ... 209 Chapter 15. The Municipal Councils and the Advent of Representative Government in Hong Kong ... 215 Chapter 16. The Policy to Dissolve the Provisional Municipal Councils and the Councils' Responses ... 227 Conclusion ... 241 Appendix 1 ... 247 Appendix 2 ... 251 Bibliography ... 255 Index ... 281

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