This work attempts to discuss the rights of the child in Islam to caring, fostering and suckling. The work also highlights child’s rights to be loved, right to life, health and education. Some other rights of the child such as the right to play, recreational activities, privacy, and decision making and respecting their views are also discussed in detail. The book describes rights of all children including orphans, step children and illegitimate children; In addition, the book presents duties of children towards their parents and parents towards their children under Islamic law. It depicts a comprehensive picture of some other aspects relating to child’s right such as relations between children and their peers and impacts of neglecting child. The work also addresses the question whether there is any basis under Islamic law for female genital mutilation or FGM. It also takes into account several questions such as; what are the principles of Islamic law for child rearing; how should parents be responsible and accountable for ignoring their children; what is the role of the state in child protection; and what are the duties of a Muslim state in child protection?