This book is a study of Associate Professor and Doctor Ta Thi Thuy on the historical aspect of the mining industry; the process of exploration and appropriation of France from the late nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. Administrative, financial, and legal measures implemented by France to support concessions and mining. The process of granting temporary and official quota through historical periods. Mine owners and mine workers. The exploitation of mines which has been ceded. A summary of the results and consequences of the mining industry as well as causing economic, political and social problems to Vietnam.