Ecological criticism appeared in the United Kingdom and the United States in the late 20th century in the context of a severe crisis of the global environment and quickly spread across many countries, including Vietnam. The general purpose of ecological criticism is to study the relationship between people and nature, literature and the environment. On the basis of analyzing and evaluating the early prose of the South from the perspective of ecological criticism, this book will contribute to clarify the harmonious relationship between people and the natural environment. The book also answers the question of why Southern ecological writers have become witnesses of river civilization and environmentalists. The message from the book is not only for today but also for tomorrow.