This book was published on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the Meiji Restoration (1868-2018) and 45 years of establishing Vietnam - Japan diplomatic relations (1973-2018). This book consists of discrete articles of Vinh Sinh researcher written or translated from Japanese scholars' works for many years and first compiled for publication. The first part is the essays on Japanese culture, art and society. Characteristics that make up the depth of Japanese society and culture such as corporateism, realism, currentism and formalism are analyzed in many articles. The second part of the book is the essays of cultural exchanges between Vietnam and Japan through stages: VII-VIII century, XVI-XVIII century, after Meiji Restoration (1868); almost corresponds to three periods in Japan's diplomatic history with the world.