'The term "poetry" appears in ancient times in Greece, derived from the work of Poetry Art of Aristote. People often understand that "poetics" is a method of writing poetry. Since the beginning of the XX century, the study of poetics is understood in a new spirit. It is no longer confined to the scope of composition but includes research and criticism of art and literature. The study of poetics is divided into many schools and specialties. In teaching literature, it is possible to combine the method of poetics with other methods to achieve teaching goals in general. The main content of this book consists of 2 parts: 1. The theory of poetics. 2. 2. Practice analyzing literary works in the direction of poetics.