It has become clear that urbanization is inevitable. With this, our planning approach has become mostly urban. There is a growing significance of urban development in Nepal. The field of urban planning extended with the growing issues and challenges of urbanization. Human activities take place mostly in urban areas; and affect the environment. Urban planning is concerned with the organization of such activities over the urban space for sustainability. It has generated tools related to making national and regional development sustainable. The lack of a comprehensive approach has created confusions in the application of urban planning in Nepal. There is a need to avoid them in order to sustain its distinct identity; it needs to be well defined. This book is an attempt to present different approaches of urban planning and related experiences in Nepal into a single volume in a comprehensive way. It reflects the evolution of urban planning in Nepal. It contains what needs to be done for transforming urban planning to make it effective and relevant in facing the emerging challenges of sustainable urbanization and urban development in Nepal. The book deals with the core elements of urban planning; and shows how it should be made strategic in order to fulfill the long-term goals of master planning while underscoring the importance of integrated action planning. It shows different approaches for the sustainable use of the urban land and highlights the significance of common public spaces. It presents infrastructure and services as integral parts of urban development for raising the quality of life in urban areas by meeting the needs of the people. It tries to link them with sustainability. The book is expected to raise awareness on the relevance of urban planning in approaching sustainability. It works on strategies for making cities inclusive and sustainable; resilient and safe; and smart.