In order to contribute to the in-depth understanding of the Vietnamese political system from a political perspective, Dr. Dinh Xuan Ly has compiled this book. The book structure consists of 3 main parts. Part 1 addresses some theoretical issues of studying the political system, aiming to unify the awareness of some basic concepts in the study of the political system in general and in particular Vietnam's political system. Part 2 gives an overview of the Vietnamese political institutions from the time of founding the country to 1884. Part 3 presents the political system of Vietnam from 1945 to 2018. In sections 2 and 3 of the book, the author focuses on the basic aspects of the political system such as the structure, operating mechanism, characteristics and operational significance of political institutions and the system. Political system in the historical periods from the founding of the country to the first half of 2018.