In today's rapid rise and expansion of China's influence all around the world and in ASEAN during the past two decades, there has been an increasing awareness of various countries and regions adjusting themselves to the new trends, both in terms of opportunities and risks alike. This has become necessary due to the rapid changes in many aspects — political landscapes, economic issues, as well as social and cultural considerations. This book, China's Rise in Mainland ASEAN: Regional Evidence and Local Responses, provides timely insights on some of the latest issues pertaining to ASEAN and China, rapidly shifting interactions and upcoming geostrategic challenges. ASEAN can be said to be undergoing a new era, with China becoming more intertwined and involved with the ASEAN region than ever before. The complexity of the regional dynamics means that this phenomenon cannot be captured with a single narrative or discipline of study. In addressing the matters at hand, this book sets out to examine and provide deeper understandings on the regional implications, and local responses from ASEAN countries, and from the perspective of the region as a whole. The underlying rationale is that adequate understanding on the matters involved in this new ASEAN–China era will help to encourage better and mutually beneficial relationships between both sides. The analysis of this book will be categorized into four main themes — (1) "The Big Picture", concerning China's policies, strategies, and diplomatic stances, (2) "Implications and Responses", dealing with how ASEAN members react and respond to China's actions and regional influence, (3) "Perspectives on Trade, Investment and External Debt", which handles the economic facets of the ASEAN–China interactions, and (4) "Connectivity in Focus", addressing various emerging and existing dimensions of connectivity expansion between ASEAN and China, both physical and virtual.