n a reasoned critique of Hindutva and Hinduism, feminist scholar and activist, Wandana Sonalkar, outlines why she, born female and upper caste in Maharashtra, has repudiated her religious identity. Based on her personal experience. and on textual and empirical evidence. she offers an intimate account of caste practices, and argues that patriarchy and Brahminism are integral to Hinduism. As such, it is misogynist and casteist, and its exclusionary imperatives are essential to both its practice -and to Hindutva, which extends this imperative to Muslims. She reiterates that discrimination and inequality have been to internalised that their daily observance segues seamlessly into social interactions. thus crystallising and entrenching them deeply in society.